What are the two calm areas where air rises or sinks?

What are the two calm areas where air rises or sinks?

The Coriolis effect and other factors combine to produce a pat- tern of calm areas and wind belts around Earth, as shown in Figure 11. The calm areas include the doldrums and the horse latitudes.

Is an area where winds are calm and air is rising?

doldrums, also called equatorial calms, equatorial regions of light ocean currents and winds within the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ), a belt of converging winds and rising air encircling Earth near the Equator.

Which wind patterns are calm areas where air rises and sinks?

At about 30°N and 30°S latitude, air cools and sinks. This creates areas of high pressure and light, calm winds called the doldrums.

What is the movement of air parallel to Earth surface called?

Wind is the movement of air parallel to Earth’s surface. Winds move from areas of high pressure to areas of lower pressure. Most differences in air pressure are caused by the unequal heating of the atmosphere.

Are calm areas where warm air rises they occur at the equator?

Unequal heating of the Earth’s surface also forms large global wind patterns. In area near the equator, the sun is almost directly overhead for most of the year. Warm air rises at the equator and moves toward the poles. The area is known as the doldrums because there are light winds.

What is the region called near the equator where warm air rises?

In the tropics, near the equator, warm air rises. When it gets about 10-15 km (6-9 miles) above the Earth surface it starts to flow away from the equator and towards the poles. Air that rose just north of the equator flows north.

What are the calm areas around earth include?

Global Wind Belts (pp. 50-$20 Figue 1l pg 51 15. The calm areas around Earth include the doldrum and the hose lantudes.

What is the area of calm little to no wind found at 30 degrees north latitude?

The horse latitudes
The horse latitudes are regions located at about 30 degrees north and south of the equator. These latitudes are characterized by calm winds and little precipitation. The horse latitudes are located at about 30 degrees north and south of the equator.

What do we call a band of high speed winds that can be found 6 to 14 km above Earth’s surface?

Jet streams are currents of air high above the Earth. They move eastward at altitudes of about 8 to 15 kilometers (5 to 9 miles).

What are the 2 qualities used to describe winds?

In meteorology, winds are often referred to according to their strength, and the direction from which the wind is blowing.

Which of the following belt is called doldrum?

The equatorial low-pressure belt is also known as ‘Doldrums’, meaning ‘the zone with no winds’.

What is doldrum geography?

The “doldrums” is a popular nautical term that refers to the belt around the Earth near the equator where sailing ships sometimes get stuck on windless waters. Due to intense solar heating near the equator, the warm, moist air is forced up into the atmosphere like a hot air balloon.