Table of Contents
- 1 What made Songhai wealthy and powerful?
- 2 How did trade Change West African religion?
- 3 Why did West African empires develop near rivers?
- 4 What were some of Mansa Musa’s accomplishments when he ruled Mali?
- 5 What are the characteristics of Songhai civilization?
- 6 How did Songhai become a vassal of Mali?
What made Songhai wealthy and powerful?
Travel and trade in Songhai The wealth made through trade was used to build larger kingdoms and empires. To protect their trade interests, these kingdoms built strong armies. Kingdoms that desired more control of the trade also developed strong armies to expand their kingdoms and protect them from competition.
How did trade Change West African religion?
Islam promoted trade between West Africa and the Mediterranean. The religion developed and widened the trans-Saharan Caravan trade. The trade enriched the West African and the Muslim traders. Muslims from North Africa came in their numbers and settled in the commercial centres.
What was the culture of the Songhai Empire?
Songhai culture was a blend of traditional West African beliefs with the religion of Islam. Daily life was ruled by traditions and customs, but laws were based on Islam. The slave trade was important to the Songhai Empire. They used slaves to transport goods across the Sahara Desert to Morocco and the Middle East.
Why did West African empires develop near rivers?
o Geography was a major factor in the development of West African societies; waterways were critical for use to transport goods to be traded. o In addition to benefitting from the trade itself, rulers also implemented taxes on items brought into and taken out of their empires.
What were some of Mansa Musa’s accomplishments when he ruled Mali?
Mansa Musa developed cities like Timbuktu and Gao into important cultural centers. He also brought architects from the Middle East and across Africa to design new buildings for his cities. Mansa Musa turned the kingdom of Mali into a sophisticated center of learning in the Islamic world.
What type of government did the Songhai Empire have?
The central government was divided into executive ministries with responsibility for disseminating imperial decrees through a system of administrators. The Songhai controlled numerous semi-autonomous vassal states at the empire’s periphery.
What are the characteristics of Songhai civilization?
Culture, Religion and Monarchy. The Songhai had settled on both banks of the middle Niger River. They established a state in the 15th century, which unified a large part of the western Sudan and developed into a brilliant civilisation.
How did Songhai become a vassal of Mali?
In 1323 the armies of the Mali Empire under the Mansa (King) Mūsā (1280–1332) invaded and captured Gao, making Songhai a vassal state. The Mali Empire, which originated in the eighth century, gradually became the most powerful kingdom in the Sahel (the area south of the Sahara Desert), and the leader of the trans-Saharan gold and slave trade.
What did Songhai do in 1464?
Sonni ʿAli (d. 1492), who became Songhai emperor in 1464, led the military in defending Gao from the Mossi Kingdom of Burkina Faso. With the city secured, the Songhai began a program of military expansion and eventually controlled the Niger Delta and the gold trade.