What are the factors influencing maternal health?

What are the factors influencing maternal health?

Findings from the review revealed that social and cultural factors for example age, religion, traditional belief system, education, marital status, socioeconomic status and societal construction of gender are major determinants of maternal health outcomes in Nigeria.

What factors increase the risk of maternal death from childbirth?

What factors increase the risk of maternal morbidity and…

  • Existing or pre-pregnancy health conditions, such as cardiovascular disease, obesity, asthma, or a compromised immune system.
  • Older maternal age.
  • Lifestyle factors, such as being a current or former cigarette smoker.

What are the causes of maternal mortality rate?

50-98% of maternal deaths are caused by direct obstetric causes (hemorrhage, infection, and hypertensive disorders, ruptured uterus, hepatitis, and anemia). 50% of maternal deaths due to sepsis are related to illegal induced abortion. MMR in India has not declined significantly in the past 15 years.

What are the factors affecting maternal and child health?

Demographic and socioeconomic variables such as age of women, education of women and their husbands, receiving health education on maternity, presence of health facility in the kebele, presence of family member/s attending formal school, family size, history of abortion/still birth, history of difficult labor, means of …

What are the factors affecting maternal and child health in Nigeria?

The three main reproductive health indicators are skilled birth attendance, contraceptive prevalence rate and adolescent birth. The maternal and child health factors identified in Nigeria include community perceptions of maternal mortality, problem of teenage pregnancy, childbearing age of women with HIV and AIDS.

What are the indicators of maternal and child health?

Maternal Health Indicators (NFHS3, NFHS4)

Sr.No Indicator NFHS 3
2 Mothers who had at least 4 antenatal care visits (%) 37.0
3 Mothers who had full Antenatal care(%) 11.6
4 Mothers who received postnatal care from a doctor/nurse/LHV/ANM/midwife/otherhealth personnel within 2 days of delivery (%) 34.6
5 Institutional births (%) 38.7

How can we improve maternal health?

11 ideas to improve maternal health in areas of conflict and extreme poverty

  1. 1 | Empower women.
  2. 2 | Kit out refugee camps.
  3. 3| Go mobile.
  4. 4 | Use an integrated approach.
  5. 5 | Provide access to contraception and safe abortions.
  6. 6 | Make responses context-specific.
  7. 7 | Get men involved.
  8. 8 | Go back to basics.

What are the causes of maternal mortality and morbidity?

Prevalence of Severe Direct Obstetric Complications.

  • Abortion.
  • Hypertensive Disease.
  • Obstetric Hemorrhage.
  • Pregnancy-Related Infection.
  • Prolonged and Obstructed Labor.
  • Anemia.
  • Postpartum Depression.
  • Incontinence.

Why is maternal health a public health issue?

Maternal and child health is an important public health issue because: * far too many women, infants and children worldwide still have little or no access to essential, quality health services and education, clean air and water, and adequate sanitation and nutrition. …

How does socioeconomic status affect maternal health?

Women with lower income levels had higher risk of maternal death within six weeks (risk ratio (RR) = 2.42, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.65–3.53) and within one year (RR = 1.83, 95% CI = 1.47–2.28), especially those who were aged 35–39 years, lived in rural areas, delivered via cesarean section, and had maternal …

What are the factors that influence maternal and child health?

Determinants of Maternal, Infant, and Child Health These include race and ethnicity, age, and socioeconomic factors, such as income level, educational attainment, medical insurance coverage, access to medical care, prepregnancy health, and general health status.

Why is maternal mortality rate so high in Nigeria?

Like many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, the leading causes of maternal death in Nigeria are obstetric hemorrhage, eclampsia, sepsis and complications from unsafe abortions [14, 15].