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As a political ideology, socialism arose largely in response to the economic and social consequences of the Industrial Revo- lution. There is an abundance of literature that attests to the dramatic way in which the industrialization of Europe affected the daily lives of individuals, particularly the working classes.
How was socialism a result of the Industrial Revolution?
As a political ideology, socialism arose largely in response to the economic and social consequences of the Industrial Revolution. There is an abundance of literature that attests to the dramatic way in which the industrialization of Europe affected the daily lives of individuals, particularly the working classes.
How was socialism was a reaction to industrial capitalism?
Socialism emerged as a response to the expanding capitalist system. In its emphasis on public ownership of the means of production, socialism contrasted sharply with capitalism, which is based around a free market system and private ownership.
As standards of living increased, people at all levels of society would benefit from industrialization. Until then, working people would suffer with dangerous working conditions; unsafe, unsanitary, and over- crowded housing; and unrelenting poverty.
How was socialism a response to industrialization quizlet?
How was socialism a response to Industrialization? The transition to an industrialized society was hard on many workers because of the desire to improve their work and living conditions led many industrial workers to form socialist parties and trade unions.
What is socialist industrialization?
Industrialization was to lay the material basis for socialism. It would allow the radical transformation of agriculture, using machinery and modern techniques. It would offer material and cultural well-being to the workers. It would provide the means for a real cultural revolution.
Mechanization of the manufacturing process led to the Industrial Revolution which gave rise to two major competing economic systems: capitalism and socialism. Under socialism, the means of production is commonly owned, and part or all of the economy is centrally controlled by government.
What factors gave rise to socialism?
The basis for modern socialism primarily originates with the Age of Enlightenment and the accompanying rise of liberalism and the Industrial Revolution.
What was one of the social effects of the Industrial Revolution?
What were the social effects of the Industrial Revolutions? It brought rapid urbanization and created a new industrial middle class and industrial working class. It brought material benefits and new opportunities, but also brought great hardships to factory workers and miners, especially women and children.
Answer: (i) Industrialisation brought men, women and children to factories. (ii) Work hours were often long and wages were poor. (iii) Housing and sanitation problems were growing rapidly.
What caused the rise of socialist political parties in response to industrialization quizlet?
How was socialism a response to Industrialization? Workers desired to improve their working and living conditions, which led them to form socialist political parties and socialist trade unions. The most important was the German social democratic Party. Socialist parties also emerged in other European states.
What was the social impact of industrialization in Europe?
It increased material wealth, extended life, and was a powerful force for social change. It undermined the centuries-old class structure in Europe and reorganized the economic and philosophical worldview of the West.